Springfield AC Question: What Is the Difference Between Ductless and Central Air Conditioning?

When considering air conditioning solutions that cover the whole house, some Springfield homeowners are surprised to learn that they have options besides just traditional central air conditioning. While that is still the best option for many people, another option to consider is ductless air conditioning.

They both keep your whole home cool, so what’s the difference? Actually, there are a few, having to do with the configuration of the machinery, relative ease of installation and some other factors.

Equipment & Installation

The two types of systems are alike in that they both have indoor and outdoor units, but they differ in just how those units are arranged and what they do. Ductless systems consist of an outdoor compressor/condenser unit and several indoor air handlers. Each indoor unit is designed to cool one room or area and is controlled independently of the others. The indoor units are connected to the outdoor unit via a conduit that is filled with refrigerant. By having the individual indoor units perform the air handling, ductless systems can be installed more easily, since usually just a small hole for the conduit is all that is needed to connect the outdoor unit to the indoors.

Contrast that configuration with central AC, where the air handling is done by a central indoor unit, usually located in the basement. The cooled air is then delivered to the various rooms of the house via air ducts. Ductless systems make ductwork unnecessary.


Each type of system has its advantages. Central air conditioning is the best choice for homes that have ductwork already in place, since that will make for the easiest installation. Also, many people like the idea of having one unit to cool the whole house instead of having to control the indoor units separately, as with ductless systems. However, central AC can be zoned if you like.

Ductless systems are generally more efficient to operate, since there is less opportunity for cooled air to be lost in the ducts. They are usually the best option for smaller homes or any homes that don’t have existing ductwork.

No matter which type of system you choose, your home will be cool and comfortable. It is largely a matter of what type of system works better for your particular situation, so there is no right or wrong solution. Call Cool It today if you have any questions about Springfield air conditioning installation!